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Henry Ward Ranger

(1858 - 1916)

The story of the Lyme Art Colony began in 1899, when the New York artist Henry Ward Ranger stopped by the Griswold boardinghouse to meet Florence Griswold. Ranger was searching for a suitable location to establish an American art colony, fashioned after his favorite painting haunts in Europe. Artist friends encouraged him to investigate the quiet town of Old Lyme, Connecticut. Immediately smitten, Ranger soon wrote to his New York dealer: “I want to drive you around & see a little bit of this beautiful country, where pictures are made – your station is Lyme.”

“In appearance he was a man of full weight, dressed carelessly for the most part, loved big, loose clothes of English or Scotch tweeds. He slouched in his big easychairs and talked in a rather suppressed tone and often most entertainingly, the voice coming past the cigarette which was forever literally on his lip.”

~ Artist Elliott Daingerfield, 1918

As promised, Ranger returned the following summer, bringing other artists with him. That first summer included Lewis Cohen, Alphonse Jongers, Henry Rankin Poore, Louis Paul Dessar and William Howe, the true pioneers of the Lyme Art Colony. Like-minded, these artists were called Tonalists because of their use of limited colors (often browns and greens) and delicate modulations of light to create effects of mood. Later, these artists would be teased for their dark and moody paintings and nicknamed both “the baked apple” and “brown gravy” schools of painting.

“I would like to get into my pictures of this region a little of the love I feel for those who made it. As for me, a landscape to be paintable must be humanized. All landscapes that have been well painted are those in which the painter feels the influence of the hand of man and generations of labour.”

~ Colony Founder Henry Ward Ranger, 1914

Henry Ward Ranger (1858-1916)
Autumn Woodlands, 1902
Oil on canvas
Gift of Mr. Ezekial Liverant


Henry Ward Ranger pitching horseshoes with other artists


Ranger was an imposing figure with a husky frame and a scruffy bearded face, most often enshrined in a cloud of smoke issuing from the ever-present cigar or cigarette clasped between his lips. He would freely dispense his opinions on everything from painting to ping-pong (he brought his own table). He enjoyed pitching horseshoes behind the Griswold boardinghouse as well as playing the organ at night in the parlor.

Although credited with founding the art colony and successfully attracting a bevy of artistic talent out to the country, his leadership was questioned by the arrival of Childe Hassam in 1903. Hassam brought with him younger artists and the intrigue of the new painting style known as Impressionism. These bright paintings offended Ranger who, after another year at the colony, moved eastward along the coast to settle in the seaside village of Noank, close to his beloved Mason’s Island, with its towering ancient oaks. He continued to be friendly with the Old Lyme artists, especially in New York, but his time at Miss Florence’s ended after only five years under her roof.

Henry Ward Ranger painting on Mason’s Island (near Mystic, Connecticut)




Henry Ward Ranger on the side porch, c. 1900


Fast Facts:

Henry Ward Ranger
Born January 29, 1858, Syracuse, New York
Died November 7, 1916, New York City
In Old Lyme, 1899-1904; in Noank, c. 1902-1914

Henry Ward Ranger is credited with founding the Lyme Art Colony. He first met Florence Griswold in 1899 and began to bring artists to Old Lyme the summer of 1900.

Ranger was the first to paint a scene on a door panel in the Griswold House. He painted a picture of the Bow Bridge on the door that lead to the room he rented.

Ranger was a Tonalist painter who used a limited range of colors to capture the mood of a wooded landscape. He left Old Lyme when Childe Hassam arrived and changed the dominant style of the art colony from Tonalism to American Impressionism.


Detail of door leading to Art Colony Bedroom from Center Hall

(left panel)
Henry Rankin Poore (1859-1940)
Hound Dog Baying at the Moon, 1900
Oil on wood panel

(right panel)
Henry Ward Ranger (1858-1916)
Bow Bridge, 1900
Oil on wood panel


“There, of a summer night, one may see, smoking his cigar, the bulky form of Henry Ranger, one of our greatest living landscape painters, and one of the first to make famous with splendid canvases the extraordinary beauty of the Lyme country.” 

~ Journalist Anthony H. Euwer, 1904

William Henry Ward Ranger (1858-1916)
Autumn Landscape, 1897
Oil on board
Gift of the Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company


Henry Ward Ranger (1858-1916)
Long Point Marsh, 1910
Oil on canvas